When did the Mahabharata War Happen? The Epoch of Arundhati
14 Jun The Scientific Dating of the Mahabharat War - The Scientific Dating of the Mahabharat WarBy minimoving.info INTRODUCTION The Mahabharat has excercised a continuous and pervasive influence on the Indian mind for milleniums. The Mahabharat. He has exposed advanced science from ancient Indian literature. We have selected the research paper written by Dr. P. V. Vartak to publish because it is exhaustive and very scientific. He has considered all the possible evidences to prove the date of the Mahabharata war. He is very consistent in presenting all his . 23 Jan Scientific Dating of the Mahabharata War and Scientific Dating the Ramayana and the Vedas by Dr. P.V. Vartak.
T- he Mahabharat has excercised a continuous and pervasive influence on the Indian mind for milleniums.
The Mahabharat, orginally click at this page by Sage Ved Vyas in Sanskrut, has been translated and adapted into numerous languages and has been set to a variety of interpretations. Dating back to "remote antiquity", it is still a living force in the life of the Indian masses.
Incidently, the dating of the Mahabharat War has been a matter of challenge and controversy for a century or two. European scholars have maintained that the events described in the ancient Sanskrut texts are imaginary and subsequently, the Mahabharat derived to be a fictitiou tale of a war fought between two rivalries. Starting from the so- called Aryan invasion into Bharat, the current Bharatiya chronology starts from the compilation of the Rigved in B.
In the meantime, the Brahmanas, Samhi- tas, Puranas, etc. Where does the Ramayan and Mahabharat fit in? Some say that the Ramayan follows Mahabharat and some opine otherwise. In all this anarchy of Indian histography, the date of the Mahabharat the mythical story! Saunskrut epics were academically attacked occasion- ally - an attempt to disprove the authencity of the annals noted therein.
For example, the European Indologiest Maxmuller, tried the interpret the astronomical evidences to prove that the observations recorded in the Hindu scriptures are imaginary, probably because it did not match the prevelant views of European historians! On the contrary, many Bharatiya scholars have vehemently maintained the actual occurance of the Mahabharat War. Astronomical and literary evidences or clues from the Pauranic and Vaidik texts have been deci- phered to provide a conclusive date for the Mahabharat War.
The fifth century mathematician, Aryabhatta, calculated the date of the Mahabharat War to be approximately B. Apte had derived the date to be B. Kota Venkatachalam reckoned it to be B. However, the astronomical data used by the above, and many other, scholars contained some errors as examined by a scho- lar from Pune, Dr.
Using astronomical references and variety of other sources, Dr. Vartak has derived the date of the ini- tiation of the Mahabharat War to be 16th October B.
In the absence of any other method it may be incontrovertible and convincing too. Everybody will agree that the date has to be fixed once for all, at any cost. The presence of dry cowdung all over in Gokula indicates the presence of Summer in the month of Sravana.
This pro- posed date has been examined by a few scholars and has been verfied. This may prove to be a break-through in deciding the chronology of the events in the history of Bharat and probably the World. In the following few posts, I have made an attempt to provide a glance at the proofs provided by Dr.
Vartak in propounding the date of the very important landmark in the history of Bharat World? Only major points have been extracted from two sources: Some scholars rely on the various inscriptions found in the temples and elsewhere to fix the date of Mahabharat War.
Ksaya Paksa did occur. From Valmiki's statements and data, we can clearly see that both Valmiki and Rama existed around to years B. Saptarsi's were in Aswini. European scholars did not know that the lime can be calculated by a method based on Astronomy. This indicates that drinking wine was not taken as a bad thing in both the times, suggesting the Rgveda and the Ramayana eras as close together.
If there is no other alternative then this method is tolerable, otherwise it is not reli- able because all the known inscriptions are dated as far back as AD. Those who prepared those inscriptions were not conversant with the scientific methods available now in the modern Science Age.
The Scientific Dating Of The Mahabharata War, why should we depend on the conjectures of the ancient people? Why not use scientific methodology to come to the conclusion ourselves? I will prefer the use of the modern scientific ways to fix the date of Mahabharat War rather than to rely on the Inscriptions which are vague and inconclusive.
Let us examine two famous inscriptions always quoted by the scholars. All the scholars have relied on this inscription found in the Jain Temple at Aihole prepared by one Chalukya King Pulakeshi. Today Shaka era is Thus the year of inscribing this note is AD. At this time years had passed from the Bharat War. So the date of the War comes to BC. This is also the date of Kali Yuga Commencement. Naturally, it is evident that relying on the beginning of Kaliyuga Era and holding that the War took place just before the commencement of Kaliyuga, this inscription is prepared.
It is obvious from the Mahabharat that the War did not happen near about the beginning of Kaliyuga. I have considered this problem fully at a later stage. If we can see that the inscription is please click for source by relying on some false assumption, we have to neglect it because it has no value as an evidence. Moreover the interpretation done by the scholars is doubtful because they have not considered the clauses separately and they held Bharat War and Kali Era as one and the same.
The verse inscribed is:. I would like to interprete the verse considering the clauses of the verse. It says The Scientific Dating Of The Mahabharata War years from the Bharat War" in the first line, Trinshatsu Trisahasreshu Bhaaratdahavaaditaha where the first clause oF the sentence ends.
The remaining third clause is Shatasu. Here the verse does not specifically say the Shalivahan Shaka but Scholars have taken granted that it is Shalivahan Shaka without any base or reasoning.
The verse may have mentioned some other Shaka kings from ancient era. So we we neglect the doubtful part of the Shaka counting which is useless and adhere to the Kali era expressly mentioned. It is clear from the former portion of the verse that years passed from the Bharat War and years passed from Kali Era. Kali Era started from BC. This inscription is of 5th century AD and scholars hold that it throws light on the time of Mahabharat War.
Scholars hold that Saptarshis were in Magha at the time of Yudhishthira because Varahmihira has stated so in Brihat-Samhita. Scholars also hold that Yudhishthira's time is BC. Saptarshis stay in one Nakshtra for years, and there are 27 Nakshatras. Hence Saptarshis would be again in Magha years later during 4th century BC. From here if we count upto 5th century AD there fall eight Nakshatras. From Anuradha to Uttara Ashadha there is adifference of five Naksha- tras, while from Anuradha to Uttara Phalguni there is a difference of six Nakshatras.
The Scientific Dating of the Mahabharata War - P V Vartak
So it is quite evident that at the time of Yudhisthira Saptarshis were not in Magha as held by the scholars. Here I have shown a mistake of five to six hundreds of years.
More- over, there are three 'Uttaras' and the inscription has not stated specifically which Uttara it denotes. Thus this source is unreliable and should be rejected. I have considered Saptarshi Reckoning in details at a later stage on page While going to examine the sources scientifically, I shall give the honour of the first place to Astronomy.
One may question that how far Astronomy was advanced in those olden days? I say affir- matively that Astronomy was far advanced in the ancient times, and the ancient Indian sages had perfected the science of time measure- ment relying on Astronomy. Many scholars have taken this evidence, but taking only 20 years per generation they fixed the date of Krishna as years before Chandragupta. But this is wrong because the record is not this web page ordinary people to take 20 years per generation.
In the matter of general public, one says that when a son is born a new generation starts. But in the case of kings, the name is included in the list of Royal Dynasty only after his corona- tion to the throne. Hence, one cannot allot 20 years to one king. We have to find out the average per king by calculating on various Indian Dynasties.
I have considered 60 kings from various dynasties and calculated the average of each king as 35 years. Here is a list of some of important kings with the no. Multiplying generations by 35 years we get years before Chan- dragupta Mourya. Adding Chandrgupta's date B. Megasthenis, according to Arian, has written that between Sandro- cotus to Dianisaum generations and years passed.
From this data, we get the average of From this we can source culate years for generations.
So Krishna must have been around B. Pliny gives generations and years between Bacchus and Alexander. This Bacchus may be the famous Bakasura who was killed by Bhimasena. This period comes to about years B. Thus Mahabharat period ranges from B. This implies that the Pandava kings ruled before the advent of Kaliyug, i. C and Magadha dynasty will not super-impose the Pandava Dynasty. Here it is given a average of years for 22 kings.
It can be found that the 28 Kaurava kings would have ruled for years and then Magadha Dynasty started with King Sahadeva, whose son was Somapi. On the other hand, Maghasandhi was the son of Sahadeva and the grand- son of Jarasandha [Ashwamedh].
It is to be noted that there is no men- tion of the kings between Ripunjaya and Puranjaya. The Scientific Dating Of The Mahabharata War have wrongly taken the two names as that of one and the same person, without any evidence.
After this Pradotya Dynasty, Shishunga Kings, 10 in number, would rule for years. Thereafter 9 Nandas would rule for years.
The Scientific Dating of the Mahabharata War - P V Vartak
Nanda would be destroyed by a Brahmin and Chandragupta would be enthroned. We know that Chandragupta Maurya ascended the throne in B. So we can thus calculate backwards:.
Mahabharat Real Proof
We find here only 74 kings, but Megasthenes tells us about kings. These may be from the period between Ripunjaya and Puranjaya.