Dogs 101- Australian Cattle Dog
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The Border Collie is a working and herding dog breed developed in the Anglo-Scottish border region for herding livestockespecially sheep. It was specifically bred for intelligence and obedience. Considered highly intelligent, extremely energetic, acrobatic and athletic, they frequently compete with great success in sheepdog trials and dog sports. They are often cited as the most intelligent of all domestic dogs.
In general, Border Collies are medium-sized dogs with a moderate amount of coatwhich is most often thick and sheds here. They have a double coat that varies from smooth to rough and is occasionally curled. While black and white is the most commonly seen colour pattern of the Border Collie, the breed appears in just about any colour and pattern known to occur in dogs.
BC Museum: Half-White Faced Border Collies
Some Border Collies may also have single-colour coats. Eye colour varies from brown to blue, and occasionally eyes of differing colour occur; this is usually seen with merles. The ears of the Border Collie are also variable — some have fully erect ears, some fully dropped ears, and others semi-erect ears similar to those of the rough Collie.
Although working Border Collie handlers sometimes have superstitions about the appearance of their dogs handlers may avoid mostly white dogs due to the unfounded idea that sheep will not respect a white or almost all white dog in http://minimoving.info/t/mentally-dating-luke-bryan-tank-top.php a dog's appearance is considered by the American Border Collie Association to be irrelevant.
Dogs bred for show are more homogeneous in appearance than working Border Collies, since to win in conformation showing they must conform closely to breed club standards that are see more on many points of the structure, coat, and colour. Kennel clubs specify, for example, that the Border Collie must have a "keen and intelligent" expression, and that the preferred eye colour is Half Border Collie Half Blue Heeler brown.
In deference to the dog's working origin, scars and broken teeth received in the line of duty are not to be counted against a Border Collie in the show ring. Border Collies require considerably more daily physical exercise and mental stimulation than many other breeds. Although the primary role of the Border Collie is to herd livestock, this breed is becoming increasingly popular as a companion animal.
In this role, due to their working heritage, Border Collies are very demanding, playful, and energetic. They thrive best in households that can provide them with plenty of play and exercise, either with humans or other dogs. Border Collies may exhibit a Half Border Collie Half Blue Heeler desire to herd, a trait they may show with small children, cats, and other dogs.
The breed's herding trait has been deliberately encouraged, click it was in the dogs from which the Border Collie was developed, by selective breeding for many generations.
Before taking on the breed as a household pet, potential owners should be sure they can provide regular exercise commensurate with the collie's high energy and prodigious stamina. A working collie may run many miles a day, using its experience, personality and intelligence to control challenging livestock, and these dogs will be distressed and frustrated if left in isolation, ignored or inactive. Like many working breeds, Border Collies can be motion-sensitive and may chase moving vehicles and bicycles, but this behaviour can be modified by training.
The natural life span of the Border Collie is between 10 and 14 years, with an average lifespan of 12 years. Leading causes of death are cancer Collie eye anomaly CEA and epilepsy are considered the primary genetic diseases of concern in the breed at this time.
Border Collie X Blue Heeler Best Dog breed ever (MJ)
In Border Collies, it is generally a mild disease and rarely significantly impairs vision. However, other eye conditions such as PRA  slowly disintegrates the retina and can cause Border Collies to lose almost all of their vision at night which can progress into complete daytime blindness.
There is now a DNA test available for CEA  and, through its use, breeders can ensure that they will not produce affected pups.
Radiographs are taken and sent to these organizations more info determine a dog's hip and elbow quality.
Two types of hearing loss occur in the breed. The first type is pigment associated and is found in Border Collie puppies, although the puppies can have congenital sensorineural deafness from birth as well.
A study is currently underway at The Translational Genomics Research Institute to identify the genetic cause of adult onset hearing loss in the breed. Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis NCL is a rare but serious disease that is limited to show Border Collies. NCL results in severe neurological impairment and early death; afflicted dogs rarely survive beyond two years of age. The mutation causing the form of the disease found in Border Collies was identified by Scott Melville in the laboratory of Dr.
Trapped Neutrophil Syndrome TNS is a hereditary disease in which the bone marrow Half Border Collie Half Blue Heeler neutrophils white cells but is unable to effectively release them into the bloodstream.
The breed's herding trait has been deliberately encouraged, as it was in the dogs from which the Border Collie was developed, by selective breeding for many generations. Their ears are different, but even the spots on Daisy Mae's nose are the same size as PJ's, and they are both white with only a few http://minimoving.info/t/how-can-i-get-a-guy-to-kiss-me.php pale spots on their bodies. Karly, red-and-white and speckled, is a British Obedience Champion. In lieu of formal training, you can begin training your puppy at home and socializing him among family and friends until puppy vaccines are completed.
Affected puppies have an impaired immune system and will eventually die from infections they cannot fight. The mutation responsible for TNS has been found in Border Collies in English working dogs, in show dogs that had originated in Australia and New Zealand, and in unrelated Australian working dogs. This indicates that the gene is widespread and probably as old as the breed check this out. There is no cure, but a DNA test is now available to detect carriers as well as affected dogs.
Other diseases found less commonly include glaucomajuvenile cataractsHalf Border Collie Half Blue Heelerhypothyroidismdiabetes mellitus and canine cyclic neutropaeniacarpal soft-tissue injury. Elbow dysplasia may also occur in the breed. The Border Collie is descended from landrace colliesa type found widely in the British Isles.
The name for the breed came from its probable place of origin along the Anglo-Scottish border. It is also thought that the word 'collie' comes from the old Celtic word for useful. Many of the best Border Collies today can be traced back to a dog known as Old Hemp. Old Hemp, a tricolour dog, was born in Northumberland in September and died in May Hemp was a quiet, powerful dog to which sheep responded easily.
Many shepherds used him for stud and Hemp's working style became the Border Collie style. All pure Border Collies alive today can trace an ancestral line back to Old Hemp. He was a popular stud dog in the history of the breed, and his bloodline can be seen in most bloodlines of the modern day Collie. Hetherington and trained and handled by John Richardson, Cap was a biddable and good-natured dog. His bloodlines all trace back to the early registered dogs of the stud book, and to J.
Wilson's Cap, whose name occurs 16 times within seven generations in his pedigree. Wiston Cap sired three Supreme Champions and is grand-sire of three others, one of whom was E. Edwards' Bill, who won the championship twice.
Collies were listed as imports to New Zealand as early asbut the type was not specified. It is unclear whether Hindhope Jed was a descendant of Old Hemp. Mr Elliot himself is well known for his breed of Collies. At the time of her departure to New Zealand, Hindhope Jed was already in pup to Captainanother of the then new "Border" strain.
Explore Collie Puppies For Sale and more!
Hindhope Jed had won three trials in her native Scotland, and was considered to be the "best to cross the equator". There are two types of tests, or standards, to determine the breeding quality of a Border Collie: The original test is the ISDS sheepdog trial.
It is still used today, where a dog and handler collect groups of livestock and move them quietly around a course. There are certain standard elements to this test depending on the level: For both levels, sheep must be gathered as calmly as possible without being distressed.
Five of those 20 sheep will have collars on, and at the end of a triangular drive, the sheep are gathered into a circular http://minimoving.info/t/how-to-tell-your-parents-youre-dating-someone-they-dont-like.php ring" and the 15 sheep without collars driven away as the five collared sheep are kept inside the ring and then penned.
In nearly every region of the world, the Border Collie is now also a breed which is shown in ring or bench shows. Article source the people who participate in these events, the Border Collie is defined by the breed standard, which is a description of how the dog should look.
In New Zealand and Australiawhere the breed has been shown throughout source of the twentieth century, the Border Collie standards have produced a dog with the longer double coat smooth coats are alloweda soft dark eye, a body slightly longer than tall, a well-defined stopsemi-pricked ears, as well as a gentle and friendly temperament.
This style of Border Collie has become popular in winning show kennels around the world, as well as among prestigious judges. Breed standards state that its tail must be slightly curved and must stop at the hock. The fur must be lush. It should show good expression in Half Border Collie Half Blue Heeler eyes, and must be Half Border Collie Half Blue Heeler. It is energetic with most commonly a black and white coat sometimes brown. It should have a very strong herding instinct.
Away from breed standards, short haired Border collie learn more here are also found, offering householders a less demanding task clearing year-round shed hair. Crossing collies with German Shepherd dogs produces a strong intelligent hybrid of intermediate size, popularly named a "shollie", used as a working dog with livestock and as an animal companion.
Other enthusiasts oppose the use of Border Collies as show dogs, for fear that breeding for appearance will lead to a decline in the breed's working dog traits. Few handlers of working Border Collies participate in conformation showsas working dogs are bred to a performance standard rather than appearance standard. Likewise, conformation-bred dogs are seldom seen on the sheepdog trial field, except in Kennel Club -sponsored events.
Dogs registered with either working or conformation based registries are seen in other performance events such as agility, obedience, tracking or flyball ; however, these dogs do not necessarily conform to the breed standard of appearance as closely as the dogs shown in the breed rings as this is not a requirement in performance events, nor do they necessarily participate in herding activities.
In the UKthere are two separate registries for Border Collies. The International Sheep Dog Society  encourages breeding for herding ability, whereas the Kennel Club UK encourages breeding for a standardised appearance.
The recognition was under protest  from the majority of Border Collie affiliated groups, such as the United States Border Collie Club, which felt that emphasis on the breed's working skills would be lost under AKC recognition. AKC registrations have gradually increased since recognition and by the year there were 1, new AKC registrations of Border Collies, with a further 2, for the year The ANKC provides a breed standard; however, this applies to Half Border Collie Half Blue Heeler events only and has no influence on dogs entering in performance events.
Agility organisations such as the Agility Dog Association of Australia ADAA have their own registry which allows the inclusion of any dog wishing to compete in their events.
The criteria used are based on herding lineage rather than appearance. It is a two-tiered registry in that dogs imported that are registered with a foreign Kennel Club that does hold conformation shows are given a "B" registration, whereas those that come directly from other working registries are placed on the "A" registry.
In lieu of formal training, you can begin training your puppy at home and socializing him among family and friends until puppy vaccines are completed. Alert watchdogs, Border Collies can be barkers, so help yours develop appropriate barking behavior when young so it doesn't become a nuisance later on. There are two types of tests, or standards, to determine the breeding quality of a Border Collie:
People who compete in performance events support the move. The CBCA is against this designation. The registration of working sheepdogs in South Africa is the responsibility of the South African Sheepdog Association. Dogs not registered can become eligible for registration by being awarded a certificate of working ability by a registered judge.
Occasionally they will facilitate the testing of dogs used for breeding, for Hip dysplasia and Collie eye anomaly, to encourage the breeding of dogs without these genetic flaws.
Border Collies are one of the most popular breeds for dog agility competitions. Working Border Collies can take direction by voice and by whistle at long distances when herding. Their great energy and herding instinct are still used to herd all kinds of animals, from the traditional sheep and cattleto free range poultrypigsand ostriches.